What is Light? “A photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of light and all other forms of electromagnetic radiation. It is the force carrier for the electromagnetic force.” -Wikipedia Photon article Photons have no size and are detected as zero-dimensional mathematical points. However they are also simultaneously waves that extend arbitrarily, possibly infinitely, across […]

Hidden Universal Symmetry

For millennia philosophers, mathematicians, architects, artists and mystics have been interested in the divine proportion, but its understanding has been highly fragmented. My recent work attempts to show how the divine proportion is a hidden universal symmetry worthy of comprehensive study and understanding. Euclid’s book Elements (300 BCE) contains the first known written definition of […]


“Water is the driving force of all nature.” -Leonardo da Vinci Where there is water, there is life. That is what is so exciting about finding water on other planets, the possibility of extraterrestrial life. Our planet’s surface is covered in mostly water. Our cells are made of mostly water. Seawater and blood are chemically […]


There was an amazing crop circle that appeared on July 23rd, 2011 in Wiltshire UK: Image source Look closely, the crop circle represents the molecule Melatonin: Image courtesy Sbrools under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Thank you Jeremy Stride (who deciphered Code144 of Coral Castle) for bringing this correlation to my attention with a […]

The Snowflake and the Flower

To truly understand the snowflake’s relationship to the flower we need some background. The Hexagon / Hexagram 6 is the number of structure. The hexagon is used for structure at all scales in the universe from the microcosm to the macrocosm. Snowflakes are always hexagonal. Consider something as simple as coins or cylinders packing in hexagonal […]